רש”י Comprehension Skills

The students will be able to:

  • demonstrate an understanding of רש”י’s methodology while analyzing the components of his commentary.
  • use מפרשי רש”י to better understand רש”י’s commentary
Enduring Understandings
1. רש”י’s commentary follows particular rules which are prerequisites for understanding רש”י.
2. “אני לא באתי לפרש אלא פשוטו של מקרא.”
3. Literal meaning is not necessarily פשט; sometimes the “simple” meaning of the פסוק requires a figurative or deeper understanding.
4. Learning רש”י isn’t an additional layer to our understanding but is a necessary component to complete our understanding.
5. Close reading of the text is necessary in order to know what is bothering רש”י.
6. רש”י’s commentary is precise and concise, and has multiple layers, so we need מפרשי רש”י to fully understand and appreciate it.
Essential Questions
1. Why do I need רש”י?/  What is רש”י trying to do?
2.  How would I understand this פסוק without רש”י?
3.  What is פשט? / What is the “פשט” of this פסוק?
4.  What’s bothering רש”י? / How does רש”י make this פסוק clearer?
5.  How do the different elements and rules of רש”י help me find the information I need? / What clues should I be looking for? / What type of קושיא is רש”י addressing?[44]
6. Why do I need this מפרש on a מפרש? / How does this מפרש help me better understand the פסוק?

[44] See the kinds of anomalies and קושיאs listed in 4.b.07.

5.05  רש”י Script

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

D. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

D. N/A

A. Explains the question and answer of רש”י in the פשט after it was explained by the teacher.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify רש”י’s question in learned רש”יs, after this was pointed out by the teacher.

C. N/A

D. N/A

A. Explains the question and answer of רש”י in the פשט after it was explained by the teacher.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify רש”י’s question in learned רש”יs, when this was not pointed out by the teacher.

C. N/A

D. Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, (whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source) in learned רש”יs after it was pointed out by the teacher.

A. Explains the question and answer of רש”י in the פשט after it was translated by the teacher, and רש”י’s question is easily understood.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify the question in unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

C. Uses רש”יs question to categorize the type of  רש”י.

[47]

D. Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs, when it is evident.

A. Explains the questions and answer in learned רש”יs (including long רש”יs, and when there is more than one answer) and in unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify the question in unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

C. Uses רש”יs question to categorize the type of  רש”י.

[47]

D. Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs, when it is evident.

A. Explains the questions and answer in unlearned רש”יs, including long רש”יs, and when there is more than one answer.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל and עיקר שפתי חכמים to identify the question in unlearned רש”יs.

C. Uses רש”יs question to categorize the type of  רש”י.

[47]

D. Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in unlearned (including long רש”יs with multiple sources) רש”יs, when it is evident.

A. Explains the questions and answer in unlearned רש”יs, including long רש”יs, and when there is more than one answer.

B. Uses the דיבור המתחיל and עיקר שפתי חכמים to identify the question in unlearned רש”יs.

C. Uses רש”יs question to categorize the type of  רש”י.

[47]

D. Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in unlearned (including long רש”יs with multiple sources) רש”יs, when it is evident.

Grades 1-2: N/A

Grades 3-4: Explains the question and answer of רש”י in the פשט after it was explained by the teacher.

Grade 5: Explains the question and answer of רש”י in the פשט after it was translated by the teacher, and רש”י’s question is easily understood.

Grade 6: Explains the questions and answer in learned רש”יs (including long רש”יs, and when there is more than one answer) and in unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

Grades 7-8: Explains the questions and answer in unlearned רש”יs, including long רש”יs, and when there is more than one answer.

Grades 1-2: N/A

Grade 3: Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify רש”י’s question in learned רש”יs, after this was pointed out by the teacher.

Grade 4: Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify רש”י’s question in learned רש”יs, when this was not pointed out by the teacher.

Grades 5-6: Uses the דיבור המתחיל to identify the question in unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

Grades 7-8: Uses the דיבור המתחיל and עיקר שפתי חכמים to identify the question in unlearned רש”יs.

Grades 1-4: N/A

 

Grades 5-8:  Uses רש”יs question to categorize the type of  רש”י.

[47]

Grades 1-3: N/A

Grade 4: Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, (whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source) in learned רש”יs after it was pointed out by the teacher.

Grades 5-6: Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs, when it is evident.

Grades 7-8: Identifies what רש”י uses as a support for his answer, whether it is from the פסוק, other פסוקים, a מדרש, or another source, in unlearned (including long רש”יs with multiple sources) רש”יs, when it is evident.

5.06 Summarizing רש”י

A. N/A

B. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

A. Restates רש”י’s commentary in one’s own words, for learned רש”יs.

B. Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, when רש”י deals with translation or other factual clarifications, for learned רש”יs.

A. Restates רש”י’s commentary in one’s own words, for learned רש”יs.

B. Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, when רש”י deals with translation or other factual clarifications, for learned רש”יs.

A. Summarizes רש”י, stating the main idea in one’s own words, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

B.  Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

A. Summarizes רש”י, stating the main idea in one’s own words, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

B.  Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

A. Summarizes רש”י’s commentary stating the main idea(s) in one’s own words , in learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

B.  Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

A. Summarizes רש”י’s commentary stating the main idea(s) in one’s own words , in learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

B.  Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

Grades 1-2: N/A

Grades 3-4: Restates רש”י’s commentary in one’s own words, for learned רש”יs.

Grades 5-6: Summarizes רש”י, stating the main idea in one’s own words, in learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

Grades 7-8: Summarizes רש”י’s commentary stating the main idea(s) in one’s own words , in learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

Grades 1-2: N/A

Grades 3-4: Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, when רש”י deals with translation or other factual clarifications, for learned רש”יs.

Grades 5-6: Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (short and straightforward) רש”יs.

Grades 7-8: Explains the פסוק according to רש”י, for learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”יs.

5.07 Dividing רש”י

A. N/A
A. N/A
A. N/A
A. Divides a learned רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).
A. Divides a learned or unlearned, (short and straightforward) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).
A. Divides a learned or unlearned, (short and straightforward) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).
A. Divides a learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).
A. Divides a learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).

Grades 1-3: N/A

Grade 4: Divides a learned רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).

Grades 5-6: Divides a learned or unlearned, (short and straightforward) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).

Grades 7-8: Divides a learned or unlearned (including long and complex) רש”י into its various components (e.g. דיבור המתחיל, question, answer, supporting evidence).

5.08 מפרשי רש”יi[45]

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. N/A

B. N/A

C. N/A

A. For each of the מפרשי רש”י learned, explains the role of the commentary in relation to רש”י,i[46] and its particular style or שיטה.

B. Navigates from רש”י or a particular portion of רש”י to the מפורש that comments on or relates to it.[47]

C. Explains the רש”י according to the מפרשי רש”י learned.

A. For each of the מפרשי רש”י learned, explains the role of the commentary in relation to רש”י,i[46] and its particular style or שיטה.

B. Navigates from רש”י or a particular portion of רש”י to the מפורש that comments on or relates to it.[47]

C. Explains the רש”י according to the מפרשי רש”י learned.

Grades 1-6: N/A

Grades 7-8: For each of the מפרשי רש”י learned, explains the role of the commentary in relation to רש”י,i[46] and its particular style or שיטה.

Grades 1-6: N/A

Grades 7-8: Navigates from רש”י or a particular portion of רש”י to the מפורש that comments on or relates to it. [47]

Grades 1-6: N/A

Grades 7-8: Explains the רש”י according to the מפרשי רש”י learned.

[45] We recommend שפתי חכמים for grades 7 and 8. If a teacher chooses to advance further, they can go to גור אריה and רמבן.

[46] I.e. elucidate, argue, etc.

[47] E.g.: For שפתי חכמים, the small letters within רשי. For תרגום, to find the quote in אונקלוס when רשי says כתרגומו. For רמבן or גור אריה, to locate the same דיבור המתחיל.